4th POOMSAE TAEGUK SA CHANG

The 4th pumse or poomsae Taeguk Sa Chang, symbolizes thunder, in the first turn a movement of the front foot is made, the last two turns are made turning on the same place, this means that the associated trigram is a continuous line, a dashed line and a dashed line, this is the trigram of thunder (“jin”).

The Kukkiwon teaches that these poomsaes must be performed with majesty and authority, like a thunderstorm.

The basic fighting schemes of Taekwondo are the Poomsae, these schemes are a set of attack, defense, hand punch, elbow and knee strokes, and all the techniques that are part of Taekwondo, among these are a group denominated as Poomsae Taeguk, these are divided into 8 and represent with their movements some element of nature.

TAEGUK SAM CHANG is Chi = Thunder and Power

The fourth pumse or Poomsae is characterized because from this, appear no longer the are maqui and we begin with more complex techniques.

This pumse or pommsae is prepared for the change of grade from green belt to blue or orange / green belt.

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Which movements are developed in the Poomsae Sa Jang?

The 4th pumse or poomsae Sa Jang is made up of 20 different movements, among all the movements the most used are, the Sonnal Maki defense, the side kick and the middle punch.

This pumse or poomsae allows the practitioner to learn the Middle Outer Block, an outward palm technique, many defenses with open palm, as well as a student’s first kick combinations: two side kicks, first to the right and then to the left. This combination of kicks requires the student to practice balance and coordination while still executing the movements with force.

This form also trains the coordination of the whole body with the arms and legs, particularly in sequences 10 and 12, the student must execute a frontal kick and step back with the kicking leg in a posterior position.

Then, when this combination is mastered, the student can slide backwards smoothly and quickly with a single movement. This combination is followed by a Reverse Inside Middle Block, in which the body is twisted 45 degrees towards the imaginary opponent.

COMPOSITION:

  • Sequences: 20
  • Movements: 29

What would be the sequence scheme?

Sequence 1:

From the starting position (Joon Bi Seogi), turn left, with your left foot sliding while performing a Hansonnal Montong Maki with your left arm.

Sequence 2:

Take a step forward with the right leg and execute a “double-hand knife” defense (Sonnal Maki) with the right arm, this is executed in the same way you would with a medium punch, but with open palms and facing one side instead of having your hand clenched like a fist.

Sequence 3:

Turn 180 degrees to your right and perform Hansonnal Montong Maki (middle defense) with your right arm.

Sequence 4:

Step forward once with the left leg and perform a Sonnal Maki defense with the left arm again.

Sequence 5:

Turn 90 degrees to your left while performing a Jebipoom Sonal Mok Chigi (open hand attack on the neck) with your right hand, this is done by moving your right hand towards your opponent with your palm open and looking up at the sky while your other hand (also with open palm) will approach your forehead.

Sequence 6:

Throw a frontal kick with the right foot and then executes a medium left punch.

Sequence 7:

Throw a side kick with the left leg, this is done by turning the body to the side and raising the bent leg and releasing the kick while aligning with the level of the head, land your leg in front of the other.

Perform a front kick with your left leg and land behind your right leg and execute a medium left punch.

Sequence 8:

Throw a side kick with his right leg and executes Hansonnal Montong Maki with his right arm.

Sequence 9:

Turn 180 degrees to your left with your right foot while executing a middle left lock.

Sequence 10:

Perform a front kick with your right leg and land behind your left leg and execute a medium right punch.

Sequence 11:

Turn 180 degrees to the right with your left foot while executing a right center lock.

Sequence 12:

Perform a front kick with your left leg and land behind your right leg and execute a medium left punch.

Sequence 13:

Turn left 90 degrees with your right foot and perform a Jebipoom Sonal Mok Chigi with your right arm extended.

Sequence 14:

Perform a front kick with your right leg and land it in front of your left leg and execute a right central punch.

Sequence 15:

Turn 90 degrees to your left with your right foot and execute a middle left block.

Sequence 16:

Transition from your middle left block to a right middle punch.

Sequence 17:

Turn 180 degrees to the right with your left foot and execute a right center lock.

Sequence 18:

Transition from your middle right block to a middle left punch.

Sequence 19:

Turn left 90 degrees on your right foot and move forward, after this, execute a right central block and continue with two alternate middle strokes that start with your left fist. Turn 180 degrees to your left with your right foot and return to Joon Bi Seogi.

Sequence 20:

Turn 180 degrees to your left with your right foot and return to Joon Bi

SCHEME OF POMMSAE TAEGUK SA CHANG:

It’s important to have on mind:

1. The scheme must begin and end exactly in the same place, this indicates the quality of the postures and the technique of the practitioner.

2. Correct posture and body position must be maintained at all times.

3. The muscles of the body should be tense or relaxed at the appropriate critical moments of the form.

4. The exercise must be performed in a rhythmic movement with no stiffness.

5. The movement should be accelerated or decelerated according to the specifications of that pattern.

6. Exhale with the effort of each technique to maximize power.

7. Each pattern must be perfected before moving on to the next.

8. Students should know the purpose of each movement.

9. Always keep your posture straight and strong to maintain balance and stability in your movements! When performing all forms, you should not think about executing techniques in a clear space, but in responding to the attacks of several opponents around you.

10. In this way, as in all others, you should always turn your head first, look at your imaginary opponent and then perform the required block or attack.

 The Taeguk Poomsaes

  1. TAEGUK IL CHANG: Light and sky. Greatness
  2. TAEGUK I CHANG: Joy and serenity.
  3. TAEGUK SAM CHANG: Fire and sun.
  4. TAEGUK SAH CHANG: Thunder. Courage
  5. TAEGUK OH CHANG: Represents Wind. Flexibility.
  6. TAEGUK YOUK CHANG: Represents Water. Fluency
  7. TAEGUK CHILK CHANG: Represents Summit and mountain. Balance
  8. TAEGUK PAL CHANG: Represents Origin of life. Yin and Earth.

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