Krav Maga is a martial art made for war. There is a big difference between Krav Maga and modern Japanese martial arts, since Japanese modern martial arts have a non-warlike philosophical character, since through the techniques and the constant practice of a martial art they seek to find a path of self-discovery and improvement, while Krav Maga seeks more survival to a scenario of war or situation where human life is in danger
Krav Maga has more similarities in his philosophy with the ancient Asian martial arts, since they were made for war, only in earlier times.
ORIGIN OF THE KRAV MAGA
The origin of Krav Maga is closely linked to its philosophy, survival and war. According to several chroniclers, martial artists and historians the main responsible for the creation of Krav Maga is Imre Lichtenfeld,
WHO IS IMRE LICHTENFELD?
Imre (Imi, Emrich) Lichtenfeld was born in the city of Budapest in 1910, (former Austro-Hungarian Empire) but grew up in Bratislava, present-day Slovenia.
He devoted much of his life to various combat sports such as Boxing, Wrestling, Judo, Traditional Jiu Jitsu and Gymnastics, in fact he won the victory of several national boxing and wrestling championships. He even won an international gymnastics championship. These events caused Lichtenfeld to obtain and develop unique knowledge that would combine and perfect.
Europe lives cold and hostile environments, especially with the Jewish community, in the 1930s an anti-Semitic feeling explodes, which generates strong violent responses to the Jewish community and among them to Imre Lichtenfeld, for these events Imre leaves his country native and settles in Palestine where he joins the Jewish defense force called Haganá. This organization took advantage of Lichtenfeld’s skills and began teaching wrestling and boxing, he was also the supervisor of the physical conditioning of the recruits.
Lichtendelf realized that the combat sports he had practiced in Europe in certain situations were not very effective and had limitations, all this because boxing and wrestling have a sportier rather than a defensive character.
That was why Lichtendelf began to modify, discard and add certain movements suitable for combat on the battlefield. Thus developing a unique and particular method of military defense.
In 1948 the state of Israel was founded, creating several security and prevention institutions including the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces), where Imre Lichtenfeld is appointed as combat coach and in charge of the physical preparation of the members of this institution. Over time that he was teaching the particular method of military defense developed by Imre Lichtenfeld that was normalized in the Israeli quarters and obtained the name of Krav Maga which translates into «combat-contact.»
Elik Aviksar, emigrated to Israel from Morocco in 1964 without much money, experienced the strong life of immigrants in new lands. He started training Krav Maga at the Nettanya Institute where the same creator of the martial art, Imre Lichtenfeld, taught classes.
Since Elik Aviksar was very interested and very disciplined in krav maga, his coach saw a unique potential in which, shortly after entering the institute, he was appointed as the main monitor of the classes.
Elik also learned judo, karate and aikido, and get the black belt in judo and aikido. Elik Aviksar receives the first black belt in Krav Maga on January 5th, 1971. He travels through different parts of Europe (Germany and France) teaching courses on self-defense and Krav maga.
Elik Aviksar and Imre Lichtenfeld begin teaching at different institutes in Israel (Tela-aviv and Netanya). Later Elik worked in the Israeli army, teaching and perfecting the Krav Maga. He also help to consolidate the federation of Krav-Maga in 1979 but he leaves it in 1987 to be able to create the Israeli Association of Krav-maga (Kami). In 1996 Elik received the eighth dan, This great martial artist dies on May 16th, 2004.
He was born in Israel in the year of 1964, from a young age he started training Krav Maga, he had great teachers such as the founder of Krav Maga Imre Lichtenfeld and Elik Aviksar (this one to a lesser extent), he obtained the black belt in 1983. He dedicated himself to teaching From Krav Maga in central-southern Israel, he dedicated much of his life to various national security institutions in Israel as an agent. He participated in the Lebanon-Israel conflict.
Imre Lichtenfeld (founder of Krav Maga) in 1989 commissioned an important mission to Kobi Lichtenstein, that is to take the teaching of Krav Maga to a place where he had never arrived, South America. So Kobi prepared the suitcase and traveled to Brazil, specifically to Rio de Janeiro.
He arrives in Brazil on January 18th and founded an academy and the Brazilian association of Krav Maga, subsequently also creates the South American association of Krav Maga. He has dedicated for several years to the instruction of Krav Maga training a large number of coaches and professionals in the martial art that have spread Krav maga in Brazil and South America.
He was born in Los Angeles, California on April 3th, 1960, passionate about martial arts and law. Due to his enthusiasm for martial disciplines and especially for Krav Maga he was selected in 1981 as one of the first groups of foreigners to receive classes in Israel from the hands of the founder of martial art, Imre Lichtenfeld.
Darren Levine manages to get the black belt after some years of hard training.
Levine and Imre Lichtenfeld made a good friendship, so much so that Imre visited the city of Los Angeles to train with Darren and show the effectiveness of martial art to the American public. Levine subsequently created and founded the «Association of America and Krav maga Worldwide«.
Currently Darren Levine is one of the few people with the highest rank of Krav maga in the United States, he has the eighth dan. He has founded different schools and academies in Los Angeles, San Francisco, New York, Chicago and Boston.
Krav Maga is a martial art that has spread throughout the world due to its maximum effectiveness in real situations of danger where human life is at risk. However, if you want to train Krav Maga, there are a lot of clubs that admit civilians; you don’t necessarily have to be military, since their practice has become widespread in a lot of clubs (mostly), although the training of Krav Maga for the Israeli military forces it is mandatory.
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